At Spotlight YOPD, we believe that knowledge is power and would like all Parkies to be in a position to make informed decisions as to their health and wellbeing. While a cure may still be proving itself elusive, there is much that the individual can do to manage their own symptoms and improve their quality of life.
We know that one size does not fit all – so urge Parkies to work collaboratively with their neurologist, PD nurses and fellow Parkies to find out what works for them. Ask questions, make notes, keep a diary, track your good days and bad, look for patterns – help find the solutions to your specific problems and manage your PD and your life better.
We want this site to be as user-friendly as possible and have tried to keep to plain English. However, there are some biological and medical terms without a layman’s alternative. We have included them in the glossary below – along with other words that may be relevant to PD.
Remember PD – is a very individual condition – so symptoms listed may not affect everyone diagnosed. Similarly, what works well for one person in managing their symptoms may not work for someone else.
Please email us with suggested addition and/or corrections.
Just kidding – apathy is defined as a lack of interest, emotion and motivation. Common in patients with stroke, Parkinson’s disease (PD), traumatic brain injury, Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and depression.
There’s little info out there specific to Young Onset and apathy. It tends to sit alongside fatigue and depression and can be tricky to differentiate. We know PD is caused by reduced dopamine – the chemical that makes us strive to achieve.
Science bites are fascinating, but they require a basic knowledge of chemistry and biology to understand how and why R&D (Research & Development) is important to us. Whether is cellular, genetic, microbiological or chemical; we need to know how things work to really grasp it.
All living things are made of cells. For us humans it takes 10 trillion cells to make a working body. They come in a variety of sizes and shapes but it comes down to only really two main types: eukaryotic cells and prokaryotic cells. While prokaryotic are much smaller, there are about 10 to 20 times more of them than eukaryotic cells.
Bacteria are prokaryotic single-celled organisms – good and bad – making us veritable petri-dishes of ‘germs’.Like eukaryotic cells, prokaryotic cells contain DNA, but not in a true nucleus. We cannot live without bacteria.
Eukaryotic Cell Structure
Ribosome (little dots)
Rough endoplasmic reticulum
Golgi apparatus (or “Golgi body”)
Smooth endoplasmic reticulum
Cell membrane*fluid that contains organelles, comprising the cytoplasm.
Prokaryote Cell Structure
As you can see, prokaryotic cells are a lot simpler than eukaryotic cells.